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  • php 拼音转换的实现方法

    正文概述 六哥   2020-11-24   89

    php拼音转换的实现方法:首先创建一个PHP示例文件;然后通过“private static function zh2py($iWORD) {…}”方法将中文转换成拼音即可。

    • 本方法适用于任何品牌的电脑。

    PHP-中文转换成拼音

    encode方法中传进两个参数,$utf8Data, $sRetFormat,第一个参数为传入的中文,字符编码为utf-8,如果不是这个编码要转换成utf-8,第二个参数head:首字母|all:全拼音,返回值为转换后的拼音

    class Utf8ToPinyin {
        /**
         * 拼音字符转换图
         * @var array
         */
        private static $_aMaps = array(
            'a'=>-20319,'ai'=>-20317,'an'=>-20304,'ang'=>-20295,'ao'=>-20292,
            'ba'=>-20283,'bai'=>-20265,'ban'=>-20257,'bang'=>-20242,'bao'=>-20230,'bei'=>-20051,'ben'=>-20036,'beng'=>-20032,'bi'=>-20026,'bian'=>-20002,'biao'=>-19990,'bie'=>-19986,'bin'=>-19982,'bing'=>-19976,'bo'=>-19805,'bu'=>-19784,
            'ca'=>-19775,'cai'=>-19774,'can'=>-19763,'cang'=>-19756,'cao'=>-19751,'ce'=>-19746,'ceng'=>-19741,'cha'=>-19739,'chai'=>-19728,'chan'=>-19725,'chang'=>-19715,'chao'=>-19540,'che'=>-19531,'chen'=>-19525,'cheng'=>-19515,'chi'=>-19500,'chong'=>-19484,'chou'=>-19479,'chu'=>-19467,'chuai'=>-19289,'chuan'=>-19288,'chuang'=>-19281,'chui'=>-19275,'chun'=>-19270,'chuo'=>-19263,'ci'=>-19261,'cong'=>-19249,'cou'=>-19243,'cu'=>-19242,'cuan'=>-19238,'cui'=>-19235,'cun'=>-19227,'cuo'=>-19224,
            'da'=>-19218,'dai'=>-19212,'dan'=>-19038,'dang'=>-19023,'dao'=>-19018,'de'=>-19006,'deng'=>-19003,'di'=>-18996,'dian'=>-18977,'diao'=>-18961,'die'=>-18952,'ding'=>-18783,'diu'=>-18774,'dong'=>-18773,'dou'=>-18763,'du'=>-18756,'duan'=>-18741,'dui'=>-18735,'dun'=>-18731,'duo'=>-18722,
            'e'=>-18710,'en'=>-18697,'er'=>-18696,
            'fa'=>-18526,'fan'=>-18518,'fang'=>-18501,'fei'=>-18490,'fen'=>-18478,'feng'=>-18463,'fo'=>-18448,'fou'=>-18447,'fu'=>-18446,
            'ga'=>-18239,'gai'=>-18237,'gan'=>-18231,'gang'=>-18220,'gao'=>-18211,'ge'=>-18201,'gei'=>-18184,'gen'=>-18183,'geng'=>-18181,'gong'=>-18012,'gou'=>-17997,'gu'=>-17988,'gua'=>-17970,'guai'=>-17964,'guan'=>-17961,'guang'=>-17950,'gui'=>-17947,'gun'=>-17931,'guo'=>-17928,
            'ha'=>-17922,'hai'=>-17759,'han'=>-17752,'hang'=>-17733,'hao'=>-17730,'he'=>-17721,'hei'=>-17703,'hen'=>-17701,'heng'=>-17697,'hong'=>-17692,'hou'=>-17683,'hu'=>-17676,'hua'=>-17496,'huai'=>-17487,'huan'=>-17482,'huang'=>-17468,'hui'=>-17454,'hun'=>-17433,'huo'=>-17427,
            'ji'=>-17417,'jia'=>-17202,'jian'=>-17185,'jiang'=>-16983,'jiao'=>-16970,'jie'=>-16942,'jin'=>-16915,'jing'=>-16733,'jiong'=>-16708,'jiu'=>-16706,'ju'=>-16689,'juan'=>-16664,'jue'=>-16657,'jun'=>-16647,
            'ka'=>-16474,'kai'=>-16470,'kan'=>-16465,'kang'=>-16459,'kao'=>-16452,'ke'=>-16448,'ken'=>-16433,'keng'=>-16429,'kong'=>-16427,'kou'=>-16423,'ku'=>-16419,'kua'=>-16412,'kuai'=>-16407,'kuan'=>-16403,'kuang'=>-16401,'kui'=>-16393,'kun'=>-16220,'kuo'=>-16216,
            'la'=>-16212,'lai'=>-16205,'lan'=>-16202,'lang'=>-16187,'lao'=>-16180,'le'=>-16171,'lei'=>-16169,'leng'=>-16158,'li'=>-16155,'lia'=>-15959,'lian'=>-15958,'liang'=>-15944,'liao'=>-15933,'lie'=>-15920,'lin'=>-15915,'ling'=>-15903,'liu'=>-15889,'long'=>-15878,'lou'=>-15707,'lu'=>-15701,'lv'=>-15681,'luan'=>-15667,'lue'=>-15661,'lun'=>-15659,'luo'=>-15652,
            'ma'=>-15640,'mai'=>-15631,'man'=>-15625,'mang'=>-15454,'mao'=>-15448,'me'=>-15436,'mei'=>-15435,'men'=>-15419,'meng'=>-15416,'mi'=>-15408,'mian'=>-15394,'miao'=>-15385,'mie'=>-15377,'min'=>-15375,'ming'=>-15369,'miu'=>-15363,'mo'=>-15362,'mou'=>-15183,'mu'=>-15180,
            'na'=>-15165,'nai'=>-15158,'nan'=>-15153,'nang'=>-15150,'nao'=>-15149,'ne'=>-15144,'nei'=>-15143,'nen'=>-15141,'neng'=>-15140,'ni'=>-15139,'nian'=>-15128,'niang'=>-15121,'niao'=>-15119,'nie'=>-15117,'nin'=>-15110,'ning'=>-15109,'niu'=>-14941,'nong'=>-14937,'nu'=>-14933,'nv'=>-14930,'nuan'=>-14929,'nue'=>-14928,'nuo'=>-14926,
            'o'=>-14922,'ou'=>-14921,
            'pa'=>-14914,'pai'=>-14908,'pan'=>-14902,'pang'=>-14894,'pao'=>-14889,'pei'=>-14882,'pen'=>-14873,'peng'=>-14871,'pi'=>-14857,'pian'=>-14678,'piao'=>-14674,'pie'=>-14670,'pin'=>-14668,'ping'=>-14663,'po'=>-14654,'pu'=>-14645,
            'qi'=>-14630,'qia'=>-14594,'qian'=>-14429,'qiang'=>-14407,'qiao'=>-14399,'qie'=>-14384,'qin'=>-14379,'qing'=>-14368,'qiong'=>-14355,'qiu'=>-14353,'qu'=>-14345,'quan'=>-14170,'que'=>-14159,'qun'=>-14151,
            'ran'=>-14149,'rang'=>-14145,'rao'=>-14140,'re'=>-14137,'ren'=>-14135,'reng'=>-14125,'ri'=>-14123,'rong'=>-14122,'rou'=>-14112,'ru'=>-14109,'ruan'=>-14099,'rui'=>-14097,'run'=>-14094,'ruo'=>-14092,
            'sa'=>-14090,'sai'=>-14087,'san'=>-14083,'sang'=>-13917,'sao'=>-13914,'se'=>-13910,'sen'=>-13907,'seng'=>-13906,'sha'=>-13905,'shai'=>-13896,'shan'=>-13894,'shang'=>-13878,'shao'=>-13870,'she'=>-13859,'shen'=>-13847,'sheng'=>-13831,'shi'=>-13658,'shou'=>-13611,'shu'=>-13601,'shua'=>-13406,'shuai'=>-13404,'shuan'=>-13400,'shuang'=>-13398,'shui'=>-13395,'shun'=>-13391,'shuo'=>-13387,'si'=>-13383,'song'=>-13367,'sou'=>-13359,'su'=>-13356,'suan'=>-13343,'sui'=>-13340,'sun'=>-13329,'suo'=>-13326,
            'ta'=>-13318,'tai'=>-13147,'tan'=>-13138,'tang'=>-13120,'tao'=>-13107,'te'=>-13096,'teng'=>-13095,'ti'=>-13091,'tian'=>-13076,'tiao'=>-13068,'tie'=>-13063,'ting'=>-13060,'tong'=>-12888,'tou'=>-12875,'tu'=>-12871,'tuan'=>-12860,'tui'=>-12858,'tun'=>-12852,'tuo'=>-12849,
            'wa'=>-12838,'wai'=>-12831,'wan'=>-12829,'wang'=>-12812,'wei'=>-12802,'wen'=>-12607,'weng'=>-12597,'wo'=>-12594,'wu'=>-12585,
            'xi'=>-12556,'xia'=>-12359,'xian'=>-12346,'xiang'=>-12320,'xiao'=>-12300,'xie'=>-12120,'xin'=>-12099,'xing'=>-12089,'xiong'=>-12074,'xiu'=>-12067,'xu'=>-12058,'xuan'=>-12039,'xue'=>-11867,'xun'=>-11861,
            'ya'=>-11847,'yan'=>-11831,'yang'=>-11798,'yao'=>-11781,'ye'=>-11604,'yi'=>-11589,'yin'=>-11536,'ying'=>-11358,'yo'=>-11340,'yong'=>-11339,'you'=>-11324,'yu'=>-11303,'yuan'=>-11097,'yue'=>-11077,'yun'=>-11067,
            'za'=>-11055,'zai'=>-11052,'zan'=>-11045,'zang'=>-11041,'zao'=>-11038,'ze'=>-11024,'zei'=>-11020,'zen'=>-11019,'zeng'=>-11018,'zha'=>-11014,'zhai'=>-10838,'zhan'=>-10832,'zhang'=>-10815,'zhao'=>-10800,'zhe'=>-10790,'zhen'=>-10780,'zheng'=>-10764,'zhi'=>-10587,'zhong'=>-10544,'zhou'=>-10533,'zhu'=>-10519,'zhua'=>-10331,'zhuai'=>-10329,'zhuan'=>-10328,'zhuang'=>-10322,'zhui'=>-10315,'zhun'=>-10309,'zhuo'=>-10307,'zi'=>-10296,'zong'=>-10281,'zou'=>-10274,'zu'=>-10270,'zuan'=>-10262,'zui'=>-10260,'zun'=>-10256,'zuo'=>-10254
        );
     
        /**
         * 将中文编码成拼音
         * @param string $utf8Data utf8字符集数据
         * @param string $sRetFormat 返回格式 [head:首字母|all:全拼音]
         * @return string
         */
        public static function encode($utf8Data, $sRetFormat='head'){
            $sGBK = iconv('UTF-8', 'GBK', $utf8Data);
            $aBuf = array();
            for ($i=0, $iLoop=strlen($sGBK); $i<$iLoop; $i++) {
                $iChr = ord($sGBK{$i});
                if ($iChr>160)
                    $iChr = ($iChr<<8) + ord($sGBK{++$i}) - 65536;
                if ('head' === $sRetFormat)
                    $aBuf[] = substr(self::zh2py($iChr),0,1);
                else
                    $aBuf[] = self::zh2py($iChr);
            }
            if ('head' === $sRetFormat)
                return implode('', $aBuf);
            else
                return implode(' ', $aBuf);
        }
     
        /**
         * 中文转换到拼音(每次处理一个字符)
         * @param number $iWORD 待处理字符双字节
         * @return string 拼音
         */
        private static function zh2py($iWORD) {
            if($iWORD>0 && $iWORD<160 ) {
                return chr($iWORD);
            } elseif ($iWORD<-20319||$iWORD>-10247) {
                return '';
            } else {
                foreach (self::$_aMaps as $py => $code) {
                    if($code > $iWORD) break;
                    $result = $py;
                }
                return $result;
            }
        }
    }

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